Thyroid problemsSimply put, the thyroid is one of the master glands of the body. Its major function is to regulate metabolism. Each day the gland secretes various types of thyroxine which in turn control the heart rate, blood pressure, body temperature regulation, metabolism amongst other things. Many people are therefore aware that overactivity and underactivity of the gland is associated with symptoms which are related to how quickly your metabolism works.

This gland is normally about the size of a walnut and is found in the front of the neck just above the sternum (dagger bone) of the chest. The gland is responsible for regulating how fast your body burns energy as well as regulating the sensitivity of the body towards other hormones.

Diseases of the gland can be divided into four broad categories:

  • Underactive Thyroid  (Hypothyroidism / Hashimoto’s disease)
  • Overactive Thyroid (Hyperthyroidism / Grave’s disease
  • Anatomical disorders (cysts, additional lobes)
  • Tumours (benign adenomas or cancers )

Many symptoms of metabolic thyroid problems can be overlooked especially if people live stressful busy lives. If symptoms persist, then it is advisable to seek medical advice. Undiagnosed thyroid problems can dramatically increase your risk of obesity, heart disease, depression, anxiety, hair loss, sexual dysfunction and infertility.

Common early symptoms of over or under active thyroid problems can include:

  • Persistent Fatigue – waking up exhausted or needing a nap through the day. Night time insomnia.
  • Weight Changes – Unexplained weight gain or weight loss.
  • High/Low Cholesterol
  • Changes in Hair & Skin – Brittle, dry hair, unexplained hair loss. Dry, thickened or scaly skin.
  • Aches/Pains in muscles & joints or a feeling of swelling or discomfort in the neck.
  • Irregular Periods
  • Changes in bowel habits
  • Depression or Anxiety

Over and underactive thyroid glands are often best treated by medicines and tablets, however when the thyroid gland enlarges or a lump becomes apparent, it is important that the condition is assessed by an experienced surgeon. Although in many cases surgery is un-necessary, on occasions it is advisable to operate to remove certain types of lumps, when a large thyroid is constricting breathing or for cosmetic reasons.

Our surgeons have many years experience treating thyroid and parathyroid (small glands near the thyroid which control calcium levels) disease. If you are concerned about any symptoms that you may have, or if you have an unexplained swelling in the front of the neck, it is recommended that you make an appointment for a clinical diagnosis and treatment advice.  

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The Specialist Medical Clinic Marbella Veins Clinic Marbella